Periodontal Disease

“People think of gum disease in terms of their teeth, but they don’t think about the fact that gum disease is a serious infection that can release bacteria into the bloodstream”

 Dr. Robert Genco, editor Journal of Periodontology


Periodontal (gum) diseases,include gingivitis and periodontitis, are serious infections that, left untreated, can lead to tooth loss. The word periodontal literally means "around the tooth." Periodontal disease is a chronic, ongoing bacterial infection that affects the gums and the bone supporting the teeth.


An ongoing infection occurs when there is a constant supply of bacteria to the area, your immune system never quite wins the battle, as the infection grows and spreads. As the bone support around the teeth is destroyed, deep pockets develop between the tooth and the gum tissue. These pockets are out of reach to your toothbrush, floss, or waterpic. Once the pockets get started, if they are not treated, the damage continues: bone support is lost, gum tissue recedes, teeth get loose, and teeth will  eventually be lost.


People with periodontal disease have low resistance to the bacteria that cause periodontal disease.   They simply need more help to control the disease and to preserve their teeth in a healthy state.  There are, however, other factors that contribute to disease progression including:

·        Smoking                                   ·        Pregnancy                                  

·        Stress or tension                     ·        Diabetes, Systemic Diseases                                  

·        Diet, poor nutrition                  ·        Some Prescription Medications

.        Clenching and grinding        


Health Issues and Periodontal Disease

  • Heart Disease & Heart Attack

Recent studies have also shown that people with periodontal disease are 2.7 times more likely to suffer a heart attack.

  • Stroke

Studies have also shown that people with periodontal disease are 3 times more likely to suffer a stroke.

  • Pre-Term Childbirth

Women with periodontal disease are 7-8 times more likely to give birth prematurely to a low birth-weight baby.

  •  Diabetes

Periodontal infection can raise blood sugar in diabetic patients.Periodontal treatment often results in a reduced need for insulin.

  •  Respiratory Disease

Periodontal infection in the mouth can be breathed in and increase the severity of such respiratory diseases as pneumonia, bronchitis and emphysema.

Your Bacteria Can Be Transmitted

Research using DNA testing has found that periodontal bacteria can be transmitted from parent to child and spouse to spouse.

 For more information contact our San Ramon Periodontics & implantolgy office or visit


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Alice H. Tai, DDS
Periodontic & Implantology Specialist
Specialized Care, Outstanding Results

San Ramon, Periodontist and Dental Implant Specialist, Dr. Alice Tai is dedicated to excellence in Periodontics & Implant Dentistry and offers treatment options that include, treatment of periodontal disease, scaling and root planing, ridge augmentation, gingival contouring, osseous surgery, crown lengthening, bone grafting and dental implant restoration and placement. Welcoming patients from San Ramon, Pleasanton, Danville, Walnut Creek & East Bay Communities.

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